September is an interesting month. There is an 11 day period missing from history in the month of September. The name of the month means "seven" but its the "ninth" month on our calendar. The first day of autumn is September 22nd in Georgia, but it's the first day of Spring in Argentina! And "Oktoberfest" begins in September!
The missing 11 days!
Did you know that nothing whatsoever happened in British history between 3 and 13 September 1752.
The Gregorian calendar, the one most used nowadays, is named after Pope Gregory Xlll who introduced it in 1582. There is a leap year every four years (or more precisely, 97 leap years every 400 years). This means that the year corresponds closely with the astronomical year (365.24219 days) so that it is just one day out every 3,300 years.
Up until 1753, the calendar used in Britain was the Julian Calendar. It was based on the solar year, the time it takes for the Earth to rotate around the Sun, and thus was less accurate than the Gregorian calendar. The Julian calendar was 365.25 days long, which was fractionally too long, and the calendar over time fell out of line with the seasons.
In 1752 Britain decided to correct this by abandoning the Julian calendar in favor of the Gregorian. By doing so, 3 September instantly became 14 September - and as a result, nothing whatsoever happened in British history between 3 and 13 September 1752.
Many people believed their lives would be shortened. They protested in the streets, demanding "Give us back our 11 days!"
7 or 9
The name September comes from the old Roman word 'septem', which means seven, because in the Roman calendar it was the seventh month. The oldest known Roman calendar had only 10 months. Calendar reform around 153 BC added January and February to the beginning of the year. September became the ninth month, but retained its name.
The leaves are starting to change color and the air is starting to feel crisper. Yup, fall is here! From here on out, the temperatures begin to drop and the days start to get shorter than the nights. The Autumn Equinox brings the official end to summer. Fall begins on September 22, 2013 at 4:44 PM EDT in Atlanta! But, did you know that it is the beginning of spring in Argentina?
The word equinox comes from the Latin words for "equal night." The fall and spring equinoxes are the only days of the year in which the Sun crosses the celestial equator. An equinox occurs twice a year (around 20 March and 22 September), when the plane of the Earth's equator passes the centre of the Sun. At this time the tilt of the Earth's axis is inclined neither away from nor towards the Sun. This means that while we are north of the equator are getting farther away from the sun, those south of the equator are closer to the sun. Seasons change; we may want to move south in the winter!
The winter months in Buenos Aires are June to August, the summer months are December to February, the spring months are September to November, and the autumn months are March, April and May. Buenos Aires is ideal in spring and fall while the summer months are sometimes very hot, but usually quite pleasant. The hottest and coldest temperature extremes recorded in South America have occurred in Argentina. A record high temperature of 117°F was recorded at Campo Gallo, Santiago del Estero Province on October 16, 1936. The lowest temperature recorded was -40 °F at Valle de los Patos Superior, San Juan, on July 8, 1966.
Back to North America! Oktoberfest in September
In 1810 during the dark days of beer drinking before refrigeration beer would never be brewed in the summer months. The batches would never turn out good. The last batches were usually made in March. These last batches would have higher alcohol content to take advantage of alcohol as a preservative. The first Oktoberfest was held in the year 1810 in honor of the Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig's marriage to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen. The festivities began on October 12, 1810 and ended on October 17th with a horse race.
In the following years, the celebrations were repeated and, later, the festival was prolonged and moved forward into September. By moving the festivities up, it allowed for better weather conditions. Because the September nights were warmer, the visitors were able to enjoy the gardens outside the tents and the stroll over "die Wiesen" or the fields much longer without feeling chilly. Historically, the last Oktoberfest weekend was in October and this tradition continues into present times.
The 16-day festival of beer, oompa music, and wurst always starts in late September - and this year, it kicks off on the 21st. Though historically a Bavarian celebration held annually in Munich, Oktoberfests have popped up in cities all over the world. Though the holiday started as a royal wedding celebration, it has since been eclipsed by the beer which must adhere to strict German Beer Purity laws (Reinheitsgebot) to be considered official Oktoberfest Beer. Luckily for us non-Germans, globalization has granted us access to such tasty brews in our local corner stores and supermarkets.
Therefore, September 28th: Drink Beer Day Finally, an excuse.